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Department of Chemistry Fulmer IT

Installing NIST

NIST is a database that houses the National Institute of Standard and Technology. There are many prerequisites required in order to install NIST.  Here, we will step through each perquisite required.  One of the issues is that NIST only works on Windows XP, however Windows XP is antiquated and now is unsupported. To run XP, a virtual machine must be created. To install virtual box go to https://www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads. Click on the appropriate download package. In this case we are downloading the version for Windows. Save this to a known location and run the .exe file. 

Once you run the .exe file, click through the wizard as instructed.

After Virtual Box is installed, we will also need either have 7-zip or peazip installed. You can install 7-zip by clicking here. You can install peazip by clicking here.

After having these prerequisites installed you will need to download and extract Windows XP Mode.

Download it, and when it completes DO NOT install it. Right-click the WindowsXPMode_en-us.exe, then select 7-zip/peazip > Open Archieve > Cab from the context menu.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Extract Archive

This will open the executable in 7-zip for you so you can see the files. There will be 3 files.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Sources

Select sources to reveal more files.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode XPM File

Double-click xpm. This is the Windows XP Mode virtual hard drive folders. It should look the same as the image below. This should display a view as the image below.Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode XPM Folder Extract

These are the files we need to create the XP Mode virtual hard disk. They are currently Archived files, which means they are read-only files. We will need to extract these files to a new folder. Select Extract from the tool-bar, then press the ellipsis icon next to the address bar. Then select Make New Folder, name your older anything you prefer. Press OK, then OK again to start the extraction process.

Once the extraction is complete open the created folder, and select the file named VirtualXPVHD, and Insert a period between the P and the V so it looks like “VirtualXP.VHD”. This will change it to the virtual hard disk.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Create Virtual Hard Disk

Now we will used VirtualBox to create the virtual machine. At the bottom of the Create Virtual Machine windows and select expert mode. Name your virtual machine a suitable name, and double check the version is Windows XP (32-bit).Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Name Virtual Machine

Assign virtual memory, you should only need to assign 2048 mb, but a minimum of 512 mb.Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Allocate Memory

Finally, assign it to a hard disk, we will be using the virtual hard disk we extracted from Windows XP Mode. Select Use an existing virtual hard disk file. Click the little folder icon to browse to your extracted virtual hard disk files.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Select Virtual Hard Disc

When you’re done, your new virtual machine should look like this. Hit create to continue.Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Virtual Machine Creation Window

On the VirtualBox toolbar click Settings, and head to System tab. Make sure the floppy button is unchecked and the hard drive is moved to top priority.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Boot Order

Under the display tab, increase video memory to 128MB.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Allocate Video Memory

Double-check the Network settings. Older versions of VirtualBox relied on the manual entry of network configurations. The software is now more intuitive and usually picks up your network settings without prompt.

My Windows XP Mode virtual machine works using the default configuration. That is, using NAT, the adapter specific by VirtualBox, and making sure Cable Connected is checked.

NOTE: As you all know, XP hasn’t been supported in quite some time, and is VERY UNSAFE to use online.  The Virtualized XP that results from this tutorial will NOT and should not have direct internet access.

 

Restart the virtual machine. The mouse will most likely not work upon startup. This can be fixed by going to Devices>Install Guest Addition CD Image.

Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Select Virtual Guest Additions

You may encounter warnings that you are attempting to install unsupported software and/or drivers. Select Continue Anyway. Once the Guest Additions installation completes, select Reboot now. Download Windows XP for Free and Legally, Straight From Microsoft Windows XP Mode Virtual Guest Additions Loading

Now you should have a function copy of Windows XP Mode. To Install NIST you will need a flashdrive. Go to Jukebox on chem-diamond3. Head to the Nist folder, copy the nist46_32.exe file onto your flashdrive.

Once the flashdrive has the .exe file move to the Virtual machine. Go to devices>USB> “to your flashdrive”

Each flashdrive will have a unique name, in this case, mine was called “SanDisk Cruzer Dial” Once you click it, it will enable the flashdrive to be seen by the Virtual Machine. Open the flashdrive in a file explorer and run the .exe file.

Now you can open NIST!